Center for the Study of Political Islam International

Maps sources and methodology

The maps show the growth of Islamic organizations in various countries.

All organizations in a country are registered with the government. It could be a business register or a not-for-profit organizations register. According to the governments’ transparency policy, registers are usually open and publicly available online. We display only organizations clearly defined as Islamic, for instance, if their names contain keywords like: Islam, Islamic, Muslim, Mosque, Halal, etc. Registers contain the organization name, location and date of registration. Using this information makes it possible to map and visualize trends of the growth of Islamic organizations in these countries.

Additionally, the mosque is not only a place of worship but also has many functions which are described extensively in the Islamic primary doctrine. Please read the CSPII report (below) for more information about this subject.

Mapping the growth of Islamic organizations is an ongoing project. We welcome you to inform us if you find mistakes or inaccuracies as it will help us improve the maps. Please understand that our maps are not exhaustive. They are limited to officially registered organizations included in the listed registries.

Country Specific Sources

Australia
ACNC Charity Register

Austria
The Islam map Austria project by the University of Vienna

Belarus
Unified State Register of Legal Entities and Individual Entrepreneurs

Canada

Registry of Corporation of the Government of Canada
Registry of Charities of the Government of Canada

Colombia
Public Registry of Non-Catholic religious entities 2021 of Mininterior, Colombia Government

Czech Republic
Public registration and Collection of documents of the Ministry of Justice of Czech Republic

France
data-asso
Register of french enterprises
patrimoine-religieux en France

Germany
Common register portal of the German federal states

Hungary
Courts in Hungary
Church Registry of the Government of Hungary

Israel
Guidestar
Israeli Corporations Authority of Ministry of Justice of Israel

Italy
Associazioni ed Organizzazioni Religiose

Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan Business Register

Lithuania
Register of Legal Entities
State Enterprise Centre of Registers

Poland
Registry of religious associations in Poland from the Ministry of
Internal Affairs and Administration Registry of business and NGO organizations from National Court
Registry in the Ministry of Justice

Romania
National NGO Registry of the Ministry of Justice

Russia
Unified State Register of Legal Entities of the Federal Taxation Service of Russian Federation

Slovakia
Register of financial statements of the Ministry of Finance of the Slovak Republic

Spain
Religious Entity Search Platform of Spain's Ministry of Justice

Sri Lanka
The Department of the Registrar of Companies of Sri Lanka Government

Switzerland
Zentraler Firmenindex
Vereinverzeichnis
Föderation islamischer Dachorganisationen Schweiz

Ukraine
Unified State Register of Legal Entities, Individual Entrepreneurs and Public Associations

United Kingdom
Register of charities

USA
Nonprofit Explorer

Mosques and Islamic Centers

All CSPII reports are written from the perspective of the non-Muslim (the Kafir). The following document evaluates the current function of the mosque based on its significance in the primary Islamic doctrine:

Islam is unique in that 51% of its doctrine deals with Kafirs (non-Muslim); thus, it is both a religion and a political system. Islam has its own legal code, the Sharia, which is in conflict with Kafir laws, values, and culture. Sharia law is the codification of the content of the Trilogy of texts - the Koran, the Hadith (the traditions of Mohammed), and the Sira (the biography of Mohammed).

Our civilization has been under attack for the last 1400 years, and during this time, the politics of Islam have slowly changed many non-Islamic civilizations into an Islamic one through domination of the Kafirs.

The Mosque and its Uses

A mosque is not only a religious place of worship, but also a community and educational center. It is a place for the Islamic community members to gather, direct political events and plan jihad campaigns. The political doctrine of Islam that concerns the Kafir is initiated in the mosque. It is there where the process of influencing Kafir society and introducing Sharia law begins.

The mosque is used to convene an Islamic court where the Shura council of advisors dispense rulings based on Islamic law (Sharia law) about financial, family and marital disputes.

Sharia Law contradicts the rule of law in many non-Islamic countries, such as financial regulation, polygamy, child marriage, freedom of religion and free speech. Sharia Law comes from Allah and Mohammed and is therefore divine.

So, it is the duty of every Muslim to obey these laws as they are considered perfect, universal, eternal and are superior to man-made laws. As such, Islamic law has been in continuous practice for 1400 years. Kafir laws are temporary, limited and will pass away. Islamic law has much to say about Kafirs and how they are to be treated, subjugated, and ruled. The compiled jurisprudence of Islamic doctrine [Sharia] is contained in the book 'Reliance of the Traveller'[1] which can be found in most mosques.

Reliance of the Traveller a1.1 There is no disagreement among the scholars of the Muslims that the source of legal rulings for all the acts of those who are morally responsible is Allah Most Glorious

Reliance of the Traveller P75.3 “When Allah and His Messenger have decided a matter, no believer, male or female, has a choice in their affair” (Koran 33:36)

Koran 33:1 O Prophet! Keep thy duty to Allah and obey not the disbelievers and the hypocrites. Lo! Allah is Knower, Wise.

Koran 25:52 So obey not the disbelievers, but strive against them herewith with a great endeavour.

Koran 3:110 You [true believers in Islamic Monotheism, and real followers of Prophet Muhammad SAW and his Sunnah (legal ways, etc.)] are the best of peoples ever raised up for mankind; you enjoin Al-Ma'ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam has ordained) and forbid Al-Munkar (polytheism, disbelief and all that Islam has forbidden), and you believe in Allah. And had the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) believed, it would have been better for them; among them are some who have faith, but most of them are Al-Fasiqun (disobedient to Allah - and rebellious against Allah's Command).

How history affects the present

The Koran demands 89 times that Muslims imitate Mohammed in every way [2]. Therefore each mosque is built with the intention of replicating the mosque that existed under Mohammed. Therefore, in order to fully understand the role of the mosque today, it is necessary to know the role of the mosque in the first Islamic community.

Mohammed preached his religion in Mecca for 13 years. During this time he gained approximately 150 followers, and he never built a mosque. The Meccans drove Mohammed and all of his worshippers out of town, and they went to Medina. Islam calls this immigration, the hijra.

The event is so important that the Islamic calendar, which was started on this date, is called AH (Anno Hijra). After he migrated to Medina, Mohammed became a politician and jihadist, which led to every Arab in Arabia becoming a follower of Islam.

Koran 9:20 Those who believe, and have left their homes and striven with their wealth and their lives in Allah's way [jihad] are of much greater worth in Allah's sight. These are they who are triumphant.

Sira [Ibn Ishaq, 313] "He [Allah] gave permission to His apostle to fight and to protect himself against those who wronged them and treated them badly . . ."

Sira [Ibn Ishaq, 314] "Those who if we make them strong in the land will establish prayer, pay the poor-tax, enjoin kindness, and forbid iniquity [wrongdoing against Islam] . . . 'Fight them so that there be no more seduction,' i.e. until no believer is seduced from his religion. 'And the religion is God's', i.e. Until God alone is worshipped."

When Mohammed was expelled from Mecca, he went to Medina and built his first mosque, which had not only religious, but also political, legal and military functions (described below). From there, he gained political and military power. He then returned to Mecca and conquered the city, making the pagan Kaaba a place of worship only for his followers. The function of the mosque as a place for politics was now established in the Sunna of Mohammed.

Some specific uses of the mosque

A court for trials, verdicts, and legal decrees

Hadith [Abu Dawud 39:4459] Narrated Aïsha, Ummul Mu’minin: When my vindication came down, the Prophet mounted the pulpit and mentioned that, and recited the Qur’an. Then when he came down from the pulpit he ordered regarding the two men and the woman, and they were given the prescribed punishment. Hasan.

(Sharia) Reliance of the Traveller 022.10 The judge should not sit in a mosque to decide cases (0: lest voices be raised therein, and because he might need to bring in the insane, children, a woman in her period, or non-Muslims; for which reasons sitting in a mosque to decide cases is offensive). But if his sitting in the mosque (0: in prayer, spiritual retreat (i'tikaf), or awaiting group prayer) happens to coincide with the coming of two litigants, then he may judge between them (0: without it being offensive).

A place to carry out a legal sentence such as stoning

Sira [Ibn Ishaq 394-395] The apostle went out to them and commanded that the two [adulterers] should be stoned and they were stoned at the door of his mosque among Ghanm ibn Malik sept of the al-Najjar clan. The apostle ordered them to be stoned, and they were stoned at the door of his mosque. And when the Jew felt the first stone he crouched over the woman to protect her from the stones until both of them were killed. This is what God did for the apostle in exacting the penalty for adultery from the pair.

A place for family law

Hadith [Bukhari 7:62:157] Narrated Al-Miswar ibn Makhrama: I heard Allah’s Messenger who was on the pulpit, saying, “Banu Hisham ibn Al-Mughira have requested me to allow them to marry their daughter to Ali ibn Abu Talib, but I don’t give permission, and will not give permission unless Ali ibn Abi Talib divorces my daughter in order to marry their daughter, because Fatima is a part of my body, and I hate what she hates to see, and what hurts her, hurts me.”

Foreign diplomats are received at the mosque

Sira [Ibn Ishaq 952] Al-Ashaath ibn Qays came to the apostle with the deputation of Kinda. Al-Zuhri told me that he came with eighty riders from Kinda and they went in to the apostle in the mosque. They had combed their locks and blackened their eyes with kohl, and they wore striped robes bordered with silk. The apostle asked them if they had accepted Islam and when they said that they had he asked why this silk was round their necks. So they tore it off and threw it away.

Sira [Ibn Ishaq 933] Then deputations of Arabs came to the apostle. There came to him [a list of names of Tamim leaders follows]. When the deputation entered the mosque they called out to the apostle who was behind in his private apartments, “Come out to us, Mohammed!” This loud call annoyed the apostle and he came out to them, and they said, “Mohammed, we have come to compete with you in boasting, so give permission to our poet and our orator.” [They have a poetry competition, which Mohammed’s poet wins by making threatening poetry.]

Kafirs are not allowed to enter a mosque without permission

Sharia Law [Reliance of the Traveler: from o11.0 NON-MUSLIM SUBJECTS OF THE ISLAMIC STATE (AHL-DHIMMA), pg. 607] o11.7 A non-Muslim [kafir] may not enter the Meccan Sacred Precinct (Haram) under any circumstances, or enter any other mosque without permission A: nor may Muslims enter churches without their permission.

War chamber

Hadith [Muslim 20:4711] It has been narrated on the authority of Ibn Amir who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah say—and he was delivering a sermon from the pulpit: “Prepare to meet them with as much strength as you can afford. Beware, strength consists in archery. Beware, strength consists in archery. Beware, strength consists in archery.”

Hadith [Muslim 31:5959]. Salim reported on the authority of his father that Allah’s Messenger said on the pulpit: “You object to the command of Usama ibn Zayd [over the Islamic army] as you had objected before to the command of his father. By Allah, he was most competent for it and, by Allah, he was dearest to me amongst people and, by Allah, the same is the case with Usama ibn Zayd. He is most dear to me after him and I advise you to treat him well for he is pious amongst you.”

Weapons are permitted in a mosque

Sharia Law [Reliance of the Traveler: from k30.0 ESTABLISHING AN ENDOWMENT (WAQF), pg. 454] k30.2 (d) that it [the endowment of a mosque] remain existent (O: for a period in which it would be feasible to rent or hire it out) such as real estate or an animal (O: or clothing, weapons, Korans, or books. It is not permissible to make an endowment of something that cannot be utilized except by using it up, such as food);

Koran 4:102 And when you [Mohammed] are with the believers conducting prayer, let a group of them stand up with you, taking their weapons with them. After they have prostrated themselves, let them go back to the rear and allow another group to come up and pray with you, also allowing them to be armed. It would please the unbelievers if you failed to carry your weapons and luggage so that they could attack you all at once. You will not be blamed if you lay down your weapons when a heavy rain impedes you or when you are sick, but you must always be vigilant. Allah has prepared a disgraceful torment for the unbelievers.

Used as a prison for war captives

Sira [Ibn Ishaq 948] In my absence the apostle’s cavalry came [to the Tayy tribe] and among the captives they took was Hatim’s daughter, and she was brought to the apostle among the captives of Tayyi’. The apostle had heard of my flight to Syria. Hatim’s daughter was put in the enclosure by the door of the mosque in which the captives were imprisoned and the apostle passed by her.

Mosque - a miniature of the country

According to Islamic doctrine, the whole world belongs to Allah and Mohammed, and is one great mosque.

Hadith [Muslim 521:5:3] The Prophet said: I have been conferred upon five (things) which were not granted to anyone before me (and these are): Every apostle was sent particularly to his own people, whereas I have been sent to all the red and the black the spoils of war have been made lawful for me, and these were never made lawful to anyone before me, and the earth has been made sacred and pure and [a] mosque for me, so whenever the time of prayer comes for any one of you he should pray wherever he is, and I have been supported by awe (by which the enemy is overwhelmed) from the distance (which one takes) one month to cover and I have been granted intercession.

According to Islamic doctrine, Islam is the world's supreme religious and political system. Therefore, from the Islamic perspective, mosques should be built everywhere while other religious and political institutions should be controlled or banned.

Koran 3:18 Allah bears witness that there is no god but He, and (so do) the angels and those possessed of knowledge, maintaining His creation with justice; there is no god but He, the Mighty, the Wise.

Koran 3:83 Do they seek for other than the Religion of God?-while all creatures in the heavens and on earth have, willing or unwilling, bowed to His Will (Accepted Islam), and to Him shall they all be brought back.

Koran 7:158 Say, `O mankind, truly I am a Messenger to you all from Allah to Whom belongs the Kingdom of the heavens and the earth. There is no god but He. He gives life and He causes death. So believe in Allah and His Messenger, the Ummi Prophet, who believes in Allah and His words; and follow him that you may be rightly guided.'

In order to bring the entire world under Islamic rule, Mohammed ordered believers to engage in jihad. The mosque is the starting point for planning a strategy to conquer the host country.

Sharia law [The Reliance of the Traveller, o9.0 JIHAD] (0: Jihad means to war against non-Muslims, and is etymologically derived from the word mujahada, signifying warfare to establish the religion. And it is the lesser jihad. As for the greater jihad, it is spiritual warfare against the lower self (nafs), which is why the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said as he was returning from jihad, "We have returned from the lesser jihad to the greater jihad." The scriptural basis for jihad, prior to scholarly consensus (def: b7) is such Koranic verses as: (1) "Fighting is prescribed for you" (Koran 2:216); (2) "Slay them wherever you find them" (Koran 4:89); (3) "Fight the idolators utterly" (Koran 9:36); and such hadiths as the one related by Bukhari and Muslim that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said: "I have been commanded to fight people until they testify that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and perform the prayer, and pay zakat . . ."

Koran 9:29 Make war on those who have received the Scriptures [Jews and Christians] but do not believe in Allah or in the Last Day. They do not forbid what Allah and His Messenger have forbidden. The Christians and Jews do not follow the religion of truth until they submit and pay the poll tax [jizya], and they are humiliated.

Strategies for using mosques and Islamic Centers for Islamization of Kafir Countries

One such example is the Muslim Brotherhood, an international Islamic organization founded in Egypt in 1928. Here are some excerpts from the Muslim Brotherhood strategy called An Explanatory Memorandum: From the Archives of the Muslim Brotherhood in America [3]: ABOUT THE DOCUMENT (FROM ‘SHARIAH: THE THREAT TO AMERICA’) The following Muslim Brotherhood document was entered into evidence in the U.S. v Holy Land Foundation trial, and is a primary source threat document that provides new insights into global jihad organizations like the Muslim Brotherhood. These documents (covered extensively in chapter four) define the structure and outline of domestic jihad threat entities, associated non-governmental organizations and potential terrorist or insurgent support systems. The Memorandum also describes aspects of the global jihad’s strategic information warfare campaign and indications of its structure, reach and activities.

From the Explanatory Memorandum

Four: The Process of Settlement

4- Understanding the Role of the Muslim Brotherhood in North America:

The process of settlement is a “Civilization-Jihadist Process” with all the word means. The Ikhwan [Arabic for brother] must understand that their work in America is a kind of grand jihad in eliminating and destroying the Western civilization from within and “sabotaging” its miserable house by their hands and the hands of the believers so that it is eliminated and God's religion is made victorious over all other religions.

17- Understanding the role and the nature of work of “The Islamic Center” in every city with what achieves the goal of the process of settlement:

The center we seek is the one which constitutes the “axis” of our Movement, the “perimeter” of the circle of our work, our “balance center”, the “base” for our rise and our “Dar al-Arqam” to educate us, prepare us and supply our battalions in addition to being the “niche” of our prayers. This is in order for the Islamic center to turn - in action not in words - into a seed “for a small Islamic society” which is a reflection and a mirror to our central organizations. The center ought to turn into a “beehive” which produces sweet honey. Thus, the Islamic center would turn into a place for study, family, battalion, course, seminar, visit, sport, school, social club, women gathering, kindergarten for male and female youngsters, the office of the domestic political resolution, and the center for distributing our newspapers, magazines, books and our audio and visual tapes.

In brief we say: we would like for the Islamic center to become “The House of Dawa”' and “the general center” in deeds first before name. As much as we own and direct these centers at the continent level, we can say we are marching successfully towards the settlement of Dawa' in this country.

Meaning that the “center's” role should be the same as the “mosque's” role during the time of God's prophet, God's prayers and peace be upon him, when he marched to “settle” the Dawa' in its first generation in Madina. From the mosque, he drew the Islamic life and provided to the world the most magnificent and fabulous civilization humanity knew. This mandates that, eventually, the region, the branch and the Usra turn into “operations rooms” for planning, direction, monitoring and leadership for the Islamic center in order to be a role model to be followed.

20- Understanding the importance of the “Organizational” shift in our Movement work, and doing Jihad in order to achieve it in the real world with what serves the process of settlement and expedites its results, God Almighty's willing:

The reason this paragraph was delayed is to stress its utmost importance as it constitutes the heart and the core of this memorandum. It also constitutes the practical aspect and the true measure of our success or failure in our march towards settlement. The talk about the organizations and the “organizational” mentality or phenomenon does not require much details. It suffices to say that the first pioneer of this phenomenon was our prophet Mohamed, God's peace, mercy and blessings be upon him, as he placed the foundation for the first civilized organization which is the mosque, which truly became “the comprehensive organization”. And this was done by the pioneer of the contemporary Islamic Dawa', Imam martyr Hasan al-Banna, may God have mercy on him, when he and his brothers felt the need to “re-establish” Islam and its movement anew, leading him to establish organizations with all their kinds: economic, social, media, scouting, professional and even the military ones. We must say that we are in a country which understands no language other than the language of the organizations...

CSPII has compiled the following doctrinal references from the Primary Islamic Texts:

Koran[3]- the exact words of Allah as the Angel Gabriel dictated them to Mohammed.

Sunna- Mohammed’s words and deeds are called the Sunna. They are found in two different texts— the Sira and the Hadith. The Sira[1] is Mohammed’s biography and the Hadith [4],[5] are Traditions (examples) from his life.

Sharia Law [6] - Islamic Law; codification of the knowledge of the Koran and Sunna.

The process of the Islamization of countries through the implementation of Sharia law is gradual. For example, even in some Islamic countries, wearing the veil is not mandatory because full Sharia Law has not yet been implemented.

A court for trials, verdicts, and legal decrees

Sira [Ibn Ishaq 243] al-Walid asked him to come to the mosque and renounce his protection publicly as he had given it publicly. When they got there al-Walid said: “Uthman here has come to renounce my protection.” “True,” said the latter, “I have found him loyal and honourable in his protection, but I don’t want to ask anyone but God for protection; so I give him back his promise!” So saying, he went away.

Sira [Ibn Ishaq 282] In the morning, al-Mutim having girt on his weapons, he and his sons and his nephews went into the mosque. When Abu Jahl saw him, he asked, “Are you giving protection or following him?” “Giving protection, of course,” he said. “We give protection to him whom you protect,” he said. So the prophet came into Mecca and dwelt there.

Hadith [Bukhari 1:8:446] Narrated Aïsha: Barira came to seek my help regarding her manumission [release of a slave]. I told herself you like I would pay your price to your masters but your wala’ [service as a free servant] would be for me.” Her masters said, “If you like, you can pay what remains (of the price of her manumission), (Sufyan the sub-narrator once said), or if you like you can manumit her, but her (inheritance) Al-Wala would be for us. “When Allah’s Messenger came, I spoke to him about it. He said, “Buy her and manumit her. No doubt Al-Wala’ is for the manumitted.” Then Allah’s Messenger stood on the pulpit (or Allah’s Messenger ascended the pulpit as Sufyan once said), and said, “What about some people who impose conditions which are not present in Allah’s Book (Laws)? Whoever imposes conditions which are not in Allah’s Book (Laws), his conditions will be invalid even if he imposed them a hundred times.”

Hadith [Abu Dawud 39:4459] Narrated Aïsha, Ummul Mu’minin: When my vindication came down, the Prophet mounted the pulpit and mentioned that, and recited the Qur’an. Then when he came down from the pulpit he ordered regarding the two men and the woman, and they were given the prescribed punishment. Hasan.

(Sharia) Reliance of the Traveller 022.10 *The judge should not sit in a mosque to decide cases (0: lest voices be raised therein, and because he might need to bring in the insane, children, a woman in her period, or non-Muslims; for which reasons sitting in a mosque to decide cases is offensive). But if his sitting in the mosque (0: in prayer, spiritual retreat (i'tikaf), or awaiting group prayer) happens to coincide with the coming of two litigants, then he may judge between them (0: without it being offensive).

A place to carry out a legal sentence such as stoning

Sira [Ibn Ishaq 394-395] The apostle went out to them and commanded that the two [adulterers] should be stoned and they were stoned at the door of his mosque among Ghanm ibn Malik sept of the al-Najjar clan. The apostle ordered them to be stoned, and they were stoned at the door of his mosque. And when the Jew felt the first stone he crouched over the woman to protect her from the stones until both of them were killed. This is what God did for the apostle in exacting the penalty for adultery from the pair.

A place for family law

Hadith [Bukhari 7:62:157] Narrated Al-Miswar ibn Makhrama: I heard Allah’s Messenger who was on the pulpit, saying, “Banu Hisham ibn Al-Mughira have requested me to allow them to marry their daughter to Ali ibn Abu Talib, but I don’t give permission, and will not give permission unless Ali ibn Abi Talib divorces my daughter in order to marry their daughter, because Fatima is a part of my body, and I hate what she hates to see, and what hurts her, hurts me.”

Foreign diplomats are received at the mosque

Sira [Ibn Ishaq 952] Al-Ashaath ibn Qays came to the apostle with the deputation of Kinda. Al-Zuhri told me that he came with eighty riders from Kinda and they went in to the apostle in the mosque. They had combed their locks and blackened their eyes with kohl, and they wore striped robes bordered with silk. The apostle asked them if they had accepted Islam and when they said that they had he asked why this silk was round their necks. So they tore it off and threw it away.

Sira [Ibn Ishaq 933] Then deputations of Arabs came to the apostle. There came to him [a list of names of Tamim leaders follows]. When the deputation entered the mosque they called out to the apostle who was behind in his private apartments, “Come out to us, Mohammed!” This loud call annoyed the apostle and he came out to them, and they said, “Mohammed, we have come to compete with you in boasting, so give permission to our poet and our orator.” [They have a poetry competition, which Mohammed’s poet wins by making threatening poetry.]

Kafirs are not allowed to enter a mosque without permission

Sharia Law [Reliance of the Traveler: from o11.0 NON-MUSLIM SUBJECTS OF THE ISLAMIC STATE (AHL-DHIMMA), pg. 607] o11.7 A non-Muslim [kafir] may not enter the Meccan Sacred Precinct (Haram) under any circumstances, or enter any other mosque without permission A: nor may Muslims enter churches without their permission.

War chamber

Hadith [Muslim 20:4711] It has been narrated on the authority of Ibn Amir who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah say—and he was delivering a sermon from the pulpit: “Prepare to meet them with as much strength as you can afford. Beware, strength consists in archery. Beware, strength consists in archery. Beware, strength consists in archery.”

Hadith [Muslim 31:5959]. Salim reported on the authority of his father that Allah’s Messenger said on the pulpit: “You object to the command of Usama ibn Zayd [over the Islamic army] as you had objected before to the command of his father. By Allah, he was most competent for it and, by Allah, he was dearest to me amongst people and, by Allah, the same is the case with Usama ibn Zayd. He is most dear to me after him and I advise you to treat him well for he is pious amongst you.”

Weapons are permitted in a mosque

Sharia Law [Reliance of the Traveler: from k30.0 ESTABLISHING AN ENDOWMENT (WAQF), pg. 454] k30.2 (d) that it [the endowment of a mosque] remain existent (O: for a period in which it would be feasible to rent or hire it out) such as real estate or an animal (O: or clothing, weapons, Korans, or books. It is not permissible to make an endowment of something that cannot be utilized except by using it up, such as food);

Koran 4:102 And when you [Mohammed] are with the believers conducting prayer, let a group of them stand up with you, taking their weapons with them. After they have prostrated themselves, let them go back to the rear and allow another group to come up and pray with you, also allowing them to be armed. It would please the unbelievers if you failed to carry your weapons and luggage so that they could attack you all at once. You will not be blamed if you lay down your weapons when a heavy rain impedes you or when you are sick, but you must always be vigilant. Allah has prepared a disgraceful torment for the unbelievers.

Used as a prison for war captives

Sira [Ibn Ishaq 948] In my absence the apostle’s cavalry came [to the Tayy tribe] and among the captives they took was Hatim’s daughter, and she was brought to the apostle among the captives of Tayyi’. The apostle had heard of my flight to Syria. Hatim’s daughter was put in the enclosure by the door of the mosque in which the captives were imprisoned and the apostle passed by her.

Mosque - a miniature of the country

Hadith [Muslim 521:5:3] The Prophet said: I have been conferred upon five (things) which were not granted to anyone before me (and these are): Every apostle was sent particularly to his own people, whereas I have been sent to all the red and the black the spoils of war have been made lawful for me, and these were never made lawful to anyone before me, and the earth has been made sacred and pure and [a] mosque for me, so whenever the time of prayer comes for any one of you he should pray wherever he is, and I have been supported by awe (by which the enemy is overwhelmed) from the distance (which one takes) one month to cover and I have been granted intercession.

Koran 3:18 Allah bears witness that there is no god but He, and (so do) the angels and those possessed of knowledge, maintaining His creation with justice; there is no god but He, the Mighty, the Wise.

Koran 3:83 Do they seek for other than the Religion of God?-while all creatures in the heavens and on earth have, willing or unwilling, bowed to His Will (Accepted Islam), and to Him shall they all be brought back.

Koran 7:158 Say, `O mankind, truly I am a Messenger to you all from Allah to Whom belongs the Kingdom of the heavens and the earth. There is no god but He. He gives life and He causes death. So believe in Allah and His Messenger, the Ummi Prophet, who believes in Allah and His words; and follow him that you may be rightly guided.'

Sharia law [The Reliance of the Traveller, o9.0 JIHAD] (0: Jihad means to war against non-Muslims, and is etymologically derived from the word mujahada, signifying warfare to establish the religion. And it is the lesser jihad. As for the greater jihad, it is spiritual warfare against the lower self (nafs), which is why the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said as he was returning from jihad, "We have returned from the lesser jihad to the greater jihad." The scriptural basis for jihad, prior to scholarly consensus (def: b7) is such Koranic verses as: (1) "Fighting is prescribed for you" (Koran 2:216); (2) "Slay them wherever you find them" (Koran 4:89); (3) "Fight the idolators utterly" (Koran 9:36); and such hadiths as the one related by Bukhari and Muslim that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said: "I have been commanded to fight people until they testify that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and perform the prayer, and pay zakat …"

Koran 9:29 Make war on those who have received the Scriptures [Jews and Christians] but do not believe in Allah or in the Last Day. They do not forbit what Allah and His Messenger have forbidden. The Christians and Jews do not follow the religion of truth until they submit and pay the poll tax [jizya], and they are humiliated.

Bibliography

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https://www.cspii.org/education/methodology/statistical-analysis-political-islam/number-times-koran-commands-muslims-imitate-mohammed/

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